Friday, September 16, 2011



tri color pitbulls for sale Tri Color History
HQ Bullies is proud to be one of the top producers of blue tri color pit bull puppies. We often get calls asking about how we get the tri color pitbullpuppies we have for sale. Here is an explanation of how the blue tri, fawn tri, black tri, chocolate tri, champagne tri (purple tri), or any tri color pitbull is produced.
Below is an article written by Ed Faron:
The tan point pattern is caused by a recessive gene on the Agouti series gene locus, the following are the alleles (variations) that are definitely known to occur in the American Pit Bull Terrier. There are also a couple of other genes on this same locus, but they are most likely not present in this breed, so we will ignore them in this article to try and keep things simple.
Agouti locus alleles present in the APBT
ADominant Black: produces a solid color (ie: black, chocolate or blue)
ayDominant Yellow – Produces reds and buckskins
atTan-Point (recessive)- produces solid color with tan ‘points’
A dog needs to inherit two copies of the tan-point gene to be a black & tan. If a pup inherits one copy of the gene and one copy of the dominant yellow gene, which causes a red or buckskin coloration, then the dog will be red or buckskin, not black and tan. If the dog inherits one copy of the tan-point gene and one of the dominant black gene, the result will be a solid black dog. because of the recessive nature of the tan-point gene, it can actually remain hidden in the gene pool for many generations without expressing itself. In the case of our breed (where this is not a common color) this is what often happens, but it is important to realize that when the tan-point pattern does pop up it is not some new color mutation that appeared out of nowhere, but rather the manifestation of a gene that has been present in this breed all throughout the known history of the American Pit Bull Terrier. Though it is impossible to say for sure where the coloration originated, our best guess would be that it came from some sort of terrier blood that was introduced many, many years ago, probably during the early formation of the breed in the British Isles.
Actually, part of the reason the color is uncommon is that there has been a distinct prejudice against it by many people, either because they feel it is not a typical Pit Bull color, or even actually thought it was the result of a mixed breeding. The latter reason shows an ignorance of basic genetic principles, because the gene is recessive, there is no way you could breed a Rottweiler or a Doberman or Manchester Terrier to a Pit Bull and get puppies with the tan-point markings unless the Pit Bull was carrying the tan- point gene too. If in fact the black and tan color was not present in the APBT gene pool, you would have to breed to a dog of another tan-point breed, and then breed two offspring from such a breeding back together to get black & tan dogs, in the first generation you would get no tan-pointed offspring.
The tan point gene does not actually create a black & tan animal, the gene itself does not produce any color but rather a pattern of a solid color with light-colored ‘points’. These ‘points’ always appear in specific places but the actual size and distribution of them is somewhat variable. The exact coloration that is produced by the tan-point gene is dependent on the color genes present at other loci, for instance if the pigmentation is black, the result will be a black & tan, but if the dog’s pigmentation is chocolate or blue then the pattern would produce a chocolate & tan or a blue & tan, respectively.


Two 7' x 14' kennels covered by a $150 Cosco cover. These covers have screened windows which can open in warm weather. These sturdy covers provide protection from both sun and rain and snow. They are tall enough to go over any kennel.

Here is an "Igloo" type dog house stuffed with grass hay and with a burlap cover added. These dog houses cannot be used on the ground - the holes on the bottom suck up water.

A very basic kennel. 6' x 12' chain link. A wood top and cement bottom. The cement pad could be replaced with cement blocks from the hardware store. A water bucket hooked to the kennel side, a raised platform for the dog to lie on off the cement. A plastic dog house attached to a tire provides adequate protection in a warm climate - but is not my first choice for a dog house. A tarp provides protection from sun, wind and neighbors.

This small kennel of a type favored in Europe is easily built and while very small, does provide a dog with a far superior living space than a shipping crate. 

A very nice kennel set up for any climate. Make sure the dogs cannot chew through the wood portion. 
A kennel provides a secure, weather resistant enclosure for your pit bull. Kennels can be snug or large and airy, depending on your circumstances. What they must offer, however, is:
  • Solid floor or ground wire around edges to prevent escape
  • Solid top or tip in to prevent escape
  • Strong, smooth, safe wire of sufficient strength to prevent escape
  • An area which provides shade and an area which provides the dog a spot to "sun" in
  • Large enough to allow the dog to move away from its feces and urine
  • Provide an insulated dog house which allows the dog to conserve its body heat
  • Secured water bucket

When choosing a kennel don't skimp. Buying a cheap, junky kennel from a large home store outlet puts your dog at risk. Most kennel panels from stores like "Home Depot" are 11 guage - far too weak to hold any determined dog.
Many pit bull owners are using the "Magnum Kennel" manufactured by Behlen, and while it is a bit more expensive than the average chain link kennel, it certainly is rugged. I found something I like better, called Life Time Gate panels. Same 2" x 4" size, but much less expensive and I think better made.
For those who don't want to pour a cement slab, a nice alternative is using cement pavers, 12" x 12" or 24" x 24" ones are best. Do NOT use "stall mats". They are extremely hot in the sun and extremely slippery when icy. They make nice "sunning benches", but cannot be used as a primary flooring.
Wood, also, makes a poor flooring surface. It holds disease and parasites and can sliver into the dog's paws.
Some people use pea gravel, or sawdust. Pea gravel can be useful, however it is very hard to contain. Sawdust can be dusty in summer and if it gets wet, it can mold.
  • Absolutely cover the top with wire, hogpanels, wood, metal or some other weatherproof and strong material to prevent escape. Think the dog won't climb out? Better safe than sorry.
  • Absolutely have a "dig proof" barrier on the floor. If you use hog panels, chain link or stall mats, cover them with fir chips, pea gravel or some other material. Be aware that black plastic stall mats make wonderful "sunning pads" but get dangerously hot in direct sunlight. DO NOT EVER use stall mats or other black plastic or rubber as the bottom of a kennel which receives sunlight.
  • Never kennel two dogs together. Experienced pit bull owners will tell you that leaving two bulldogs (or a bulldog and another breed) locked together is putting the dogs at an unnecessary risk. No matter how well they get along. Trust me on this.
  • Secure the water bucket to prevent tipping... but use your head. Make sure that whatever you hook the bucket with does not present an object the dog's collar can be snagged on. (Make sure the kennel wire doesn't have areas which can snag as well.)
  • Yes, LEAVE A COLLAR WITH ID TAG on your dog AT ALL TIMES. Your dog is at MUCH MORE risk not wearing a collar than from wearing one. In 20 years of working animal control, I never saw a single dog die from WEARING a collar, but saw close to 25,000 die from NOT wearing a collar and ID.
  • You don't have to be a pagan to be aware of the seasons! When planning a kennel, be aware of where the sun will shine ALL YEAR ROUND. A kennel which may be in shade all winter may have full sun with no shade at mid summer. Check existing kennels at all hours of the day until you are familiar with the sun's pattern. Make sure the dog has access to shade at ALL TIMES.


Raw Food for Beginners - How Does it Effect Your Pit Bulls Diet?

By Pat Rutz

Under standing the basis or reason behind a raw diet is the best place to start. I have been feeding raw for almost a decade. It was in the early stages of public education at that point. I was forced into it as I had a dog that was allergic to all the grains used in dog foods at that time.
She had environmental allergies as well. My vet recommended feeding her a raw diet, he didn't know anything about formulating them so it was up to me to do the research come up with something.
There wasn't any help that I could find so I experimented. I used millet, and oats for grain, beef and poultry for the meat and a wide variety of veggies. I fed raw bones, eggs, and organ meat as well. It took about 6 months for me to realize that grains just weren't necessary.
I also started thinking about how their wild cousins survived, what they ate and why it worked. The change in her was amazing, her body sucked everything up, she lost a lot of weight, which she needed to do, and she thrived. She had been surviving, that's about it, all of our other dogs were fed half and half. Our oldest dog at the time was 8, he took to it real well, and ate it for about 3 1/2 years till leukemia got him.

Get Started Feeding Raw

To get started on feeding raw it's best if you slowly introduce raw meat as a treat for the first 3-4 days. Gradually increase the amount you give till they can actually eat a whole meal. If you give them a whole bowl of cut up meat or a raw meaty bone (RMB) they will either vomit or have the runs, or both.
I have found with RMB's they can still get the runs the first time or so you feed them, it's usually the extra fat on them that causes that. My pup had the runs with his first bone and his first chicken carcass. He's solid as a rock now and doesn't react to the introduction of new stuff anymore.
One of the benefits to feeding raw is their system is stronger because of it, they don't have issues with "new" foods or treats.
What meat sources you use is pretty much up to you. The only hard fast rules I follow are:
  • NO raw pork, trichinosis is still an issue unless you are POSITIVE the meat you get is clean. It's a nasty little worm that does a lot of damage. I don't feed pork product period, it's hard for them to digest.
  • NO raw salmon. It can have a liver fluke that can potentially destroy your dogs liver. Cooked or canned is fine. One part of feeding raw that happens across the board, unless it's a young pup, is detox. Their system has to get rid of all the garbage that has built up over years of feeding dry food, good or bad quality. It usually takes a month with the worst case scenarios.
They smell, their coat gets dull and brittle, their skin is oily, their breath and stool stinks, then one day, bingo. Beautiful dog. It's happened to every one of my animals that I have given raw, to one degree or another.
Another concern that comes up frequently is bacteria and germs. A dogs system is designed to eat raw food. Their digestive juices are strong enough to break bones down, as a general rule they aren't very susceptible to e-Coli, listeria or salmonella.
The dogs that are going to be susceptible are the very young, the very old and those that are ill. As far as germs go, if you use the same cleaning practices you do with your own food everything should be fine. The dog bowls are cleaned after each meal, the prep surfaces are scrubbed and the utensils are washed. Common sense and good kitchen practices will keep everything in hand.

What size portions should I feed?

How much you feed will depend entirely on your dog. How active they are, whether they need to lose weight or not, how big they are, and age to some degree. They also will eat like they are starving, which they are, for all intents and purposes. After the detox period they will settle into normal portions unless their activity level increases dramatically.
For my 70# pit mix she eats about a pound and a half of raw a day. My pup, who is 6 months and 60# eats about the same as she does. He will eventually get more since he will top out around 85 or so. She's also 8 so she won't need as much food as him.
My 20# pug eats about 1/2 a pound of raw a day. The meat to veggie ratio, generally, is 85% meat and 15% vegetable. Since bone is free choice I don't have a percentage for that. The pugs intake is far higher than the other 2 dogs. Organ meat makes up, about, 10% of their diet.
I use fresh garlic for flea control, it's also good for the blood. I crush about half a clove per dog 4 times a week.
For vegetable content, I go by color. Orange, green, white, yellow, and red, different colors cover different vitamins. I also don't worry about balancing every day but rather over a weeks time. I use collard greens, spinach, kale, chard, broccoli, and brussel sprouts for the green.
Yams, sweet potato, and orange pepper, turnip, zucchini, yellow squash, radish, cauliflower for white, yellow pepper, the skin of the yellow squash helps with yellow, red is covered by the skins of the radish, a little beet and swiss chard has red in the stems and veins in the leaves.
Imagination and experimenting to see what your dog likes is key. I don't use a lot of vegetable matter so my mixes use maybe one of each color, as an example:
  • 2 collard green leaves
  • 1 small to medium head of broccoli
  • 1/2 a small yam
  • 1 small turnip
  • 1 small yellow squash
  • Maybe 1/4 of a yellow pepper.
  • 1/4 of a beet.
Puree it in a food processor and put into ice trays. Freeze for a couple of hours, separate into zip lock baggies. I will also add cranberries when they are in season. If I remember I will buy 4 or 5 bags when they are available. Apples are also a popular addition to the mix. I know folks that add apple cider vinegar to their mixes as well. It is a preservative, it also acidifies the dog and makes them less attractive for yeast infections.
For a 60# dog you can give 4 cubes per meal. I actually feed less vegetable matter, the pug gets 4 cubes every other day. The two pits get them every 4th day, mostly because they eat dry. If they ate straight raw they would get 6 every other day. Most of the fruit they get in their diet comes from treats. When we eat it they get some. The only fruit they should not eat in any way, shape, or form are grapes. Absolutely NO raisins.
Everything else is fair game. It's fun to experiment and see what they will and won't eat. Sasha doesn't like Avocado's, and goes insane for mango and banana's.

As for as feeding meat is concerned

As far as meat and how much to feed. For ease of feeding I wouldn't grind anything. It's a pain, extremely time consuming and 99% of dogs don't give a damn what form it is in.
Veggies piled on top of hunks of meat goes over just fine. If they are a little reluctant to eat veggies, yogurt or cottage cheese mixed with them usually does the trick.
In our house, regardless of which dog is getting the meat, it's all cut up the same, about 2 inch square cubes. Makes pilling a breeze, they pick up the cube and swallow, never realizing there's a pill in there.
To get an idea of how much to feed per meal I would start by weighing portions till you get used to volume, here's an example:
A 3 pound roast with our animals will take care of 1 1/2 dinners. The 2 pits get about 3/4 of a pound each and the pug gets about 1/4 pound per meal. That doesn't include veggies. Sorry it's not more precise, I eyeball it most of the time. I judge what needs to change by how they look and act.
I use organ meat regularly, they get liver, heart, pancreas, tongue, kidneys. Whatever I can get a hold of. I feed it twice a week as their evening meal, straight organ meat.
I do feed dry to the pits so they get raw at night. I will give them veggies a couple of times a week. The pug eats straight raw, we feed a commercially prepared raw food for variety, it has veggies in it so we give him our mix twice a week.
They all have bones available all the time. The two pits get half chickens twice a week, Sasha will get half a dry meal in the morning on those days, they tend to be VERY full after they are done. Not that they wouldn't eat a whole one given the chance, as Garion grows I may end up doing that when he's an adult. We'll see how big he gets.
For example, for a 60# dog:
  • 8oz cut up meat
  • 5 veggie cubes
  • 1 tablespoon yogurt or cottage cheese
  • 1/2 teaspoon flax or salmon oil
  • 1/2 clove crushed garlic
  • Or Chicken leg quarter , or wing sections and breast, or back and breast.
  • 5 veggie cubes
  • Oil supplement
Or For a day and a half worth of food in one sitting you could throw the whole chicken carcass at them. It won't take them any time at all to have that sucker eaten.
For dogs with skin issues, the animal fat will help since it goes straight to the skin. Since it's uncooked they will be able to use it to full benefit. The oil supplements will help as well.
Most skin conditions will clear up with a raw diet because it's fully usable by the animal and actually allows the conditions to heal. For dogs with severe food allergies you will have to watch for reactions to protein sources, it can be a bit difficult if you alternate protein with each meal or every other day. If there's a reaction stick to one protein for a 10 day period and see what happens. It will be a process of elimination.

What about supplements?

I'm not a big fan of supplements. If you are good about using veggies and a variety of color I feel that a lot of the necessary vitamins are covered. The use of bones, organ and muscle meats will take care of the rest. When I store meat in the fridge I will give them the blood that seeps from the meat, it's full of nutrients.
If supplements are given I feel they should be plant based and as natural as possible. I don't like to see chemical names for vit/min's. Using oils is a good idea. Flax seed oil or ground flax seeds work well, salmon oils also go over well.
Dogs don't tend to be terribly picky, so unless there is a particular reason to use one over the other. You could alternate too if you so choose.

In Conclusion

Be careful when you first start out. Don't just jump right into feeding raw. It's always a good idea to get as much information on raw diets as possible.

About The Author
Pat Rutz has 10 years experience consulting the pet industry.

Thanks to PITLOVERS.COM for the article